There are three broad components in wine tasting: Appearance, Aroma, and Taste. Look
at the wine, smell it, then taste -- and finally (if you are tasting more than four
wines and don't want to end up under the table by the end of the evening) spit out
The first step is visual -- and here it is essential to use a long-stemmed wine glass
that does not have any patterns or etchings that will detract and distract. Fill
the wineglass about one-third full, never more than half-full.
Pick it up by the stem (holding the glass by the bowl hides the liquid from view;
fingerprints blur its colour; the heat of your hand alters the wine's temperature)
and focus on hue, intensity and clarity. Red wines lighten in colour with age, while
The wine should be clear (not cloudy) and bright. Swirl the wine in the glass to
examine the 'tears' that form along the inside of the bowl -- this is an indication
of the amount of alcohol in the wine (the more tears, the more alcohol).
Next, smell the wine by sticking your nose right into the wine glass and sniffing.
There are various techniques, but the basic goal is the same: to draw the aromas
deep into the nose and thence to the olfactory bulb where notes are registered and
Complex aromas emanate from the wine: these range from flowery, fruity, mineral,
herbaceous ('grassy') and spicy to burnt, animal (cat's pee' is a famous negative)
and even ethereal ('waxy'), and each indicate the wine's quality and desirability.
Now comes the best part: with the aromas still reverberating through your senses,
put the glass to your lips and sip -- but don't swallow right away! Roll the wine
all around your mouth and even try to 'chew' the wine to draw out its flavour.
And don't forget the finish: after you swallow, exhale slowly through both the nose
The tastes you will be exposed to fall into several categories -- the first is the
'dryness' or level of sugar in the wine, which is immediately apparent: to an untrained
palate, a really dry wine comes across as sour! The next is the acid/ alcohol balance,
which manifests itself as the 'mouth-feel' of the wine -- whether it is crisp/ sharp,
watery or heavy.
Red wines may give a woody or astringent taste, depending on how the production process
has been handled.
And, lastly, there is the aftertaste left in you mouth -- young wines have little
or no aftertaste, while a good wine will leave a warm, lingering feeling in the back
of your throat.
So, our hypothetical tasting is over. Most of the time, most of us drink young, simple
wines. What you pay is what you get -- they may be flavourful and refreshing, but
they don't warrant extended analysis.
Sometimes we splurge, opening a bottle from a topflight producer -- this is when
tasting technique is essential for full appreciation. And once in a while we get
lucky: a special night, close friends, an extraordinary bottle of wine -- that's
what it's all about.